Emergency Medicine is in most instances the first point of contact between the healthcare provider and patient.There is therefore need to prioritize an integrated system to ensure ealry recognition,diagnosis and prognosis to ensure that the specific health needs have been met.Many organisations are following guidelines that have been put in place to direct practise.

We have highlighted a variety of guidelines,resources,publications and more to be able to give you an advantage as a nurse practising in evidence-based practise.


 WHO has come up with an Emergency,Trauma and Acute Care programme whose sole purpose is to strengthen the emergency care systems.This is a pathway towards provision of timely,quality and efficient health services.Some of their publications and resources iclude:

  • WHO Trauma Checklist:This contains a list of the things to check up against upon receiving a trauma Patient.It can be adapted to the local context.
  • Guidelines for essential trauma Care:This seeks to set achievable standards for trauma treatment services which could realistically be made available to almost every injured person in the world. They then seek to define the resources that would be necessary to assure such care. These include human resources (staffing and training) and physical resources (infrastructure, equipment and supplies). You can get the English version PDF of the guideline here ,also available in Arabic,French,Russian on the website.
  • Prehospital trauma care:As Nurses,we tend to receive critically ill patients at the Emergency Unit,a situation that can be aleviated if people(the general public included) are aware of how to handle emergencies prior to getting to the hospital.This is the importance of this PDF by the WHO,as it highlights trauma care at the scene and  en-route facilities.
  • Post Crash Response:This highlights they steps to take when dealing with for instance Road Traffic Accidents(RTA).Countries globally have taken up initiatives such as training Drivers in Kenya for them to attend to road crash victims as they await professional help.


 Journals of Emergency Medicine can be found here: